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20 October 2015 An integrated multi-medial approach to cultural heritage conservation and documentation: from remotely-sensed lidar imaging to historical archive data
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Abstract
Fluorescence LIDAR imaging has been already proposed in several studies as a valuable technique for the remote diagnostics and documentation of the monumental surfaces, with main applications referring to the detection and classification of biodeteriogens, the characterization of lithotypes, the detection and characterization protective coatings and also of some types of pigments. However, the conservation and documentation of the cultural heritage is an application field where a highly multi-disciplinary, integrated approach is typically required. In this respect, the fluorescence LIDAR technique can be particularly useful to provide an overall assessment of the whole investigated surface, which can be profitably used to identify those specific areas in which further analytical measurements or sampling for laboratory analysis are needed.

This paper presents some representative examples of the research carried out in the frame of the PRIMARTE project, with particular reference to the LIDAR data and their significance in conjunction with the other applied techniques. One of the major objectives of the project, actually, was the development of an integrated methodology for the combined use of data by using diverse techniques: from fluorescence LIDAR remote sensing to UV fluorescence and IR imaging, from IR thermography, georadar, 3D electric tomography to microwave reflectometry, from analytical techniques (FORS, FT-IR, GC-MS) to high resolution photo-documentation and historical archive studies. This method was applied to a 'pilot site', a chapel dating back to the fourteenth century, situated at 'Le Campora' site in the vicinity of Florence. All data have been integrated in a multi-medial tool for archiving, management, exploitation and dissemination purposes.
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Valentina Raimondi, Lorenzo Palombi, Annalisa Morelli, Massimo Chimenti, Sara Penoni, Ute Dercks, Alessia Andreotti, Giovanni Bartolozzi, Marco Bini, Ilaria Bonaduce, Susanna Bracci, Emma Cantisani, M. Perla Colombini, Costanza Cucci, Laura Fenelli, Monica Galeotti, Irene Malesci, Alessandra Malquori, Emmanuela Massa, Marco Montanelli, Roberto Olmi, Marcello Picollo, Louis D. Pierelli, Daniela Pinna, Cristiano Riminesi, Sara Rutigliano, Barbara Sacchi, Sergio Stella, and Gabriella Tonini "An integrated multi-medial approach to cultural heritage conservation and documentation: from remotely-sensed lidar imaging to historical archive data", Proc. SPIE 9644, Earth Resources and Environmental Remote Sensing/GIS Applications VI, 96440C (20 October 2015); https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2195737
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