Materials and methods. 24 all ceramic FPPs created with CAD/CAM technology were used. The models were scanned with Zeno Wieland Scanner, a one touch scanning machine which requires between 45-60 s for a full model scan. The scanner provides 3 axis-architecture and automatic data processing. The zirconia infrastructures resulted from milling zirconia green disks in Wieland units, followed by the deposition of ceramic masses and then by burning procedures. All the samples were assessed with a Time Domain Optical Coherence Tomography (TD-OCT) system working at a wavelenght of 1300 nm. Using OCT investigations, material defects were detected in the areas of maximal tension, i.e. the connectors, the oclusal, and the cervical areas. These samples with defects in the above areas have not been considered for the study further on. Finally, the samples were loaded in a MultiTest 5 i Mecmesin system and tested until fracture occurred. The MultiTest 5-i creates tensile and compression forces of up to 5 kN.
Results and discussions. All the test samples survived a dynamic load of 1.2 x 107 cycles and a thermal cycle mixer simulator version; signs of failure in terms of fracture lines were observed in all samples. The average value of the force necessary to break the FPPs obtained from the tests is 1750 N.
Conclusions. Conventional metal-ceramic fixed partial dentures are still considered the standard for edentulous spaces in the posterior region. Therefore, the resistance of metal-ceramic fixed partial dentures has served in this study as a guide for new ceramics tests. All the values from this study conducted in FPP with zirconia frames were much lower than the values reported for metal ceramic fixed partial dentures (i.e., 2500-3000 N), but higher that 1000 N, which is considered the lowest resistance point to be utilized in the rear region of the oral cavity.