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15 October 2015 The optimal frequency and power of a probe beam for atomic sensor
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Proceedings Volume 9671, AOPC 2015: Advances in Laser Technology and Applications; 96711P (2015) https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2202702
Event: Applied Optics and Photonics China (AOPC2015), 2015, Beijing, China
Abstract
Nuclear magnetic resonance gyroscope (NMRG) is the smallest atomic sensor in navigation level. Spin precession can be detected by measuring the optical rotation of the plane of an off-resonant linearly polarized probe beam. The optimal frequency and power of the probe beam counts for the performance of NMRG, which has been verified by our former experiments. The NMRG system would have higher sensitivity and lower consumption comparing to the circularly polarized probe beam. In this paper, we demonstrate the optimal frequency and power of an off-resonant linearly polarized probe beam by theoretical analysis and experimental verification. In theory, the off-resonant linearly polarized probe beam can be decomposed into two circularly polarized components of opposite helicity. Its plane of polarization will be rotated by an angle, due to the positive and negative helicity light experience different induces of refraction as it propagates through a birefringent medium. The off-resonant linearly polarized probe beam becomes partially absorbed by the alkali vapor as it propagates through the NMRG cell. The overall signal is determined by both optical signal and beam absorption. After optimizing the frequency and power of the probe, the magnetic field sensitivity was 2pT/Hz1/2.
© (2015) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Linlin Chen, Guanqun Lei, Wenfeng Wu, Jintao Hong, and Binquan Zhou "The optimal frequency and power of a probe beam for atomic sensor", Proc. SPIE 9671, AOPC 2015: Advances in Laser Technology and Applications, 96711P (15 October 2015); https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2202702
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