In this study, land cover mapping scheme according to national end-user needs was developed and tested in two pilot territories (Cesis and Burtnieki). Hyperspectral airborne data covering spectral range 400-2500 nm was acquired in summer 2015 using Airborne Surveillance and Environmental Monitoring System (ARSENAL). The gathered data was tested for land cover classification of seven general classes (urban/artificial, bare, forest, shrubland, agricultural/grassland, wetlands, water) and sub-classes specific for Latvia as well as simulation of Sentinel-2 satellite data. Hyperspectral data sets consist of 122 spectral bands in visible to near infrared spectral range (356-950 nm) and 100 bands in short wave infrared (950-2500 nm). Classification of land cover was tested separately for each sensor data and fused cross-sensor data. The best overall classification accuracy 84.2% and satisfactory classification accuracy (more than 80%) for 9 of 13 classes was obtained using Support Vector Machine (SVM) classifier with 109 band hyperspectral data. Grassland and agriculture land demonstrated lowest classification accuracy in pixel based approach, but result significantly improved by looking at agriculture polygons registered in Rural Support Service data as objects. The test of simulated Sentinel-2 bands for land cover mapping using SVM classifier showed 82.8% overall accuracy and satisfactory separation of 7 classes. SVM provided highest overall accuracy 84.2% in comparison to 75.9% for k-Nearest Neighbor and 79.2% Linear Discriminant Analysis classifiers.
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Dainis Jakovels, Jevgenijs Filipovs, Agris Brauns, Juris Taskovs, Gatis Erins, "Land cover mapping in Latvia using hyperspectral airborne and simulated Sentinel-2 data," Proc. SPIE 9688, Fourth International Conference on Remote Sensing and Geoinformation of the Environment (RSCy2016), 96881Q (12 August 2016);