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18 March 2016 A latchable thermally activated phase change actuator for microfluidic systems
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Abstract
Complex microfluidic systems often require a high number of individually controllable active components like valves and pumps. In this paper we present the development and optimization of a latchable thermally controlled phase change actuator which uses a solid/liquid phase transition of a phase change medium and the displacement of the liquid phase change medium to change and stabilize the two states of the actuator. Because the phase change is triggered by heat produced with ohmic resistors the used control signal is an electrical signal. In contrast to pneumatically activated membrane valves this concept allows the individual control of several dozen actuators with only two external pressure lines. Within this paper we show the general working principle of the actuator and demonstrate its general function and the scalability of the concept at an example of four actuators. Additionally we present the complete results of our studies to optimize the response behavior of the actuator – the influence of the heating power as well as the used phase change medium on melting and solidifying times.
Conference Presentation
© (2016) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Christiane Richter, Kai Sachsenheimer, and Bastian E. Rapp "A latchable thermally activated phase change actuator for microfluidic systems", Proc. SPIE 9705, Microfluidics, BioMEMS, and Medical Microsystems XIV, 970503 (18 March 2016); https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2209270
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