15 March 2016 Label-free imaging of gold nanoparticles in single live cells by photoacoustic microscopy
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Abstract
Gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) have been extensively explored as a model nanostructure in nanomedicine and have been widely used to provide advanced biomedical research tools in diagnostic imaging and therapy. Due to the necessity of targeting AuNPs to individual cells, evaluation and visualization of AuNPs in the cellular level is critical to fully understand their interaction with cellular environment. Currently imaging technologies, such as fluorescence microscopy and transmission electron microscopy all have advantages and disadvantages. In this paper, we synthesized AuNPs by femtosecond pulsed laser ablation, modified their surface chemistry through sequential bioconjugation, and targeted the functionalized AuNPs with individual cancer cells. Based on their high optical absorption contrast, we developed a novel, label-free imaging method to evaluate and visualize intracellular AuNPs using photoacoustic microscopy (PAM). Preliminary study shows that the PAM imaging technique is capable of imaging cellular uptake of AuNPs in vivo at single-cell resolution, which provide an important tool for the study of AuNPs in nanomedicine.
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Chao Tian, Chao Tian, Wei Qian, Wei Qian, Xia Shao, Xia Shao, Zhixing Xie, Zhixing Xie, Xu Cheng, Xu Cheng, Shengchun Liu, Shengchun Liu, Qian Cheng, Qian Cheng, Bing Liu, Bing Liu, Xueding Wang, Xueding Wang, "Label-free imaging of gold nanoparticles in single live cells by photoacoustic microscopy", Proc. SPIE 9708, Photons Plus Ultrasound: Imaging and Sensing 2016, 970857 (15 March 2016); doi: 10.1117/12.2213744; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2213744
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