22 April 2016 Preparation of cellular vehicles for delivery of gold nanorods to tumors
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Abstract
Over recent years, gold nanorods (GNRs) have emerged as a promising material in biomedical optics and have been proposed as contrast agents for the photothermal therapy and the photoacoustic imaging of tumors. A pioneering approach to target tumors is the use of cellular vehicles, i.e. cells of the immune system that exhibit an innate tropism to tumors and that can be serve as Trojan horses. This strategy relies on cell types, such as tumor-associated macrophages or T cells, that are recruited by or naturally traffic to the microenvironment of tumors and that can be isolated from a patient and loaded with plasmonic particles in vitro. In this work, GNRs were synthesized and designed to combine high optical and photo-stability and the ability to accumulate into cells of the immuno system. Particles were silanized, PEGylated and conjugated with cationic moieties. Different cationic compounds were tested and the cell viability and uptake of the particles were studied on complementary cell types. The cytotoxicity test was based on a colorimetric WST-8 assay while the intracellular amount of gold and the optical absorbance of the cells were quantified by spectrophotometry. Moreover, we investigated the effect of GNRs on the cell migration and the production of cytokines in the presence of pro-inflammatory stimuli, which provide a functional overview on the feasibility of this approach to target.
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S. Centi, C. Borri, S. Lai, F. Tatini, S. Colagrande, F. Ratto, R. Pini, "Preparation of cellular vehicles for delivery of gold nanorods to tumors", Proc. SPIE 9722, Colloidal Nanoparticles for Biomedical Applications XI, 97220B (22 April 2016); doi: 10.1117/12.2209536; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2209536
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