16 March 2016 A single-frequency double-pulse Ho:YLF laser for CO2-lidar
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Abstract
A single-frequency q-switched Ho:YLF laser oscillator with a bow-tie ring resonator, specifically designed for highspectral stability, is reported. It is pumped with a dedicated Tm:YLF laser at 1.9 μm. The ramp-and-fire method with a DFB-diode laser as a reference is employed for generating single-frequency emission at 2051 nm. The laser is tested with different operating modes, including cw-pumping at different pulse repetition frequencies and gain-switched pumping. The standard deviation of the emission wavelength of the laser pulses is measured with the heterodyne technique at the different operating modes. Its dependence on the single-pass gain in the crystal and on the cavity finesse is investigated. At specific operating points the spectral stability of the laser pulses is 1.5 MHz (rms over 10 s). Under gain-switched pumping with 20% duty cycle and 2 W of average pump power, stable single-frequency pulse pairs with a temporal separation of 580 μs are produced at a repetition rate of 50 Hz. The measured pulse energy is 2 mJ (<2 % rms error on the pulse energy over 10 s) and the measured pulse duration is approx. 20 ns for each of the two pulses in the burst.
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P. Kucirek, A. Meissner, P. Eiselt, M. Höfer, D. Hoffmann, "A single-frequency double-pulse Ho:YLF laser for CO2-lidar", Proc. SPIE 9726, Solid State Lasers XXV: Technology and Devices, 97260K (16 March 2016); doi: 10.1117/12.2214952; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2214952
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