9 March 2016 Mid-infrared supercontinuum generation up to 4.6 µm using step-index indium fluoride fiber pumped by a femtosecond fiber laser near 2 µm
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Abstract
We report mid-infrared supercontinuum (SC) generation in a dispersion-engineered step-index indium fluoride fiber pumped by a femtosecond fiber laser near 2 μm. The SC spans 1.8 octaves from 1.25 μm to 4.6 μm with an average output power of 270 mW. The pump source is an all-fiber femtosecond laser that generates sub-100 fs pulses at 50 MHz repetition rate with 570 mW average power. The indium fluoride fiber used for SC generation is designed to have a zerodispersion wavelength close to 1.9 μm. Two fiber lengths of 30 cm and 55 cm are selected for the SC generation experiments based on the numerical modelling results. The measured spectra and the numerical modelling results are presented showing good agreement for both lengths. The femtosecond pumping regime is a key requirement for generating a coherent SC. We show by modelling that the SC is coherent for a pump with the same pulse width and energy as our fiber laser and added quantum-limited noise. The results are promising for the realization of coherent and high-repetition-rate SC sources, two conditions that are critical for spectroscopy applications using FTIR spectrometers. Additionally, the entire SC system is built using optical fibers with similar core diameters, which enables integration into a compact platform.
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Reza Salem, Reza Salem, Zack Jiang, Zack Jiang, Dongfeng Liu, Dongfeng Liu, Robert Pafchek, Robert Pafchek, Paul Foy, Paul Foy, Mohammed Saad, Mohammed Saad, Doug Jenkins, Doug Jenkins, Alex Cable, Alex Cable, Peter Fendel, Peter Fendel, "Mid-infrared supercontinuum generation up to 4.6 µm using step-index indium fluoride fiber pumped by a femtosecond fiber laser near 2 µm", Proc. SPIE 9728, Fiber Lasers XIII: Technology, Systems, and Applications, 97280L (9 March 2016); doi: 10.1117/12.2213140; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2213140
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