14 March 2016 Ultrafast laser processing of transparent materials supported by in-situ diagnostics
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Abstract
For the development of industrial NIR ultrafast laser processing of transparent materials, the absorption inside the bulk material has to be controlled. Applications we aim for are front and rear side ablation, drilling and inscription of modifications for cleaving and selective laser etching of glass and sapphire in sheet geometry.

We applied pump probe technology and in situ stress birefringence microscopy for fundamental studies on the influence of energy and duration (100 fs – 20 ps), temporal and spatial spacing, focusing and beam shaping of the laser pulses.

Applying pump probe technique we are able to visualize differences of spatio-temporal build up of absorption, self focusing, shock wave generation for standard, multispot and beam shaped focusing. Incubation effects and disturbance of beam propagation due to modifications or ablation can be observed.

In-situ imaging of stress birefringence gained insight in transient build up of stress with and without translation. The results achieved so far, demonstrate that transient stress has to be taken into account in scaling the laser machining throughput of brittle materials. Furthermore it points out that transient stress birefringence is a good indicator for accumulation effects, supporting tailored processing strategies.

Cutting results achieved for selective laser etching by single pass laser modification exemplifies the benefits of process development supported by in situ diagnostics.
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M. Kumkar, M. Kumkar, M. Kaiser, M. Kaiser, J. Kleiner, J. Kleiner, D. Grossmann, D. Grossmann, D. Flamm, D. Flamm, K. Bergner, K. Bergner, S. Nolte, S. Nolte, } "Ultrafast laser processing of transparent materials supported by in-situ diagnostics", Proc. SPIE 9735, Laser Applications in Microelectronic and Optoelectronic Manufacturing (LAMOM) XXI, 97350P (14 March 2016); doi: 10.1117/12.2209507; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2209507
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