6 April 2016 Laser printing of 3D metallic interconnects
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Proceedings Volume 9738, Laser 3D Manufacturing III; 97380I (2016) https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2213646
Event: SPIE LASE, 2016, San Francisco, California, United States
Abstract
The use of laser-induced forward transfer (LIFT) techniques for the printing of functional materials has been demonstrated for numerous applications. The printing gives rise to patterns, which can be used to fabricate planar interconnects. More recently, various groups have demonstrated electrical interconnects from laser-printed 3D structures. The laser printing of these interconnects takes place through aggregation of voxels of either molten metal or of pastes containing dispersed metallic particles. However, the generated 3D structures do not posses the same metallic conductivity as a bulk metal interconnect of the same cross-section and length as those formed by wire bonding or tab welding. An alternative is to laser transfer entire 3D structures using a technique known as lase-and-place. Lase-and-place is a LIFT process whereby whole components and parts can be transferred from a donor substrate onto a desired location with one single laser pulse. This paper will describe the use of LIFT to laser print freestanding, solid metal foils or beams precisely over the contact pads of discrete devices to interconnect them into fully functional circuits. Furthermore, this paper will also show how the same laser can be used to bend or fold the bulk metal foils prior to transfer, thus forming compliant 3D structures able to provide strain relief for the circuits under flexing or during motion from thermal mismatch. These interconnect "ridges" can span wide gaps (on the order of a millimeter) and accommodate height differences of tens of microns between adjacent devices. Examples of these laser printed 3D metallic bridges and their role in the development of next generation electronics by additive manufacturing will be presented.
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Iyoel Beniam, Iyoel Beniam, Scott A. Mathews, Scott A. Mathews, Nicholas A. Charipar, Nicholas A. Charipar, Raymond C. Y. Auyeung, Raymond C. Y. Auyeung, Alberto Piqué, Alberto Piqué, "Laser printing of 3D metallic interconnects", Proc. SPIE 9738, Laser 3D Manufacturing III, 97380I (6 April 2016); doi: 10.1117/12.2213646; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2213646
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