The study of free-space optical beam coupling in the context of satellite communications will be presented. Here, we assume satellite link scenarios with different elevations, which correspond to different index-of-refraction turbulence (IRT) conditions. IRT gives rise to both intensity and phase aberration of the received optical field, which then causes extended speckle patterns in the focus of the receiver telescope. The speckle field at the fiber input is calculated by means of Fourier transform of the received field. Using dedicated modelling software, study of the fiber coupling efficiency, polarization preservation and high-order mode coupling in different multi-mode fibers is carried out.
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J. Poliak, D. Giggenbach, R. Mata Calvo, D. Bok, "Fiber coupling and field mixing of coherent free-space optical beams in satellite communications," Proc. SPIE 9739, Free-Space Laser Communication and Atmospheric Propagation XXVIII, 973913 (15 March 2016);