15 March 2016 Generation of multiple optical frequencies referenced to a frequency comb for precision free-space frequency transfer
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Abstract
Generating multiple optical frequencies referenced to the frequency standard is an important task in optical clock dissemination and optical communication. An apparatus for frequency-comb-referenced generation of multiple optical frequencies is demonstrated for high-precision free-space transfer of multiple optical frequencies. The relative linewidth and frequency instability at each channel corresponds to sub-1 Hz and 1.06×10-15 at 10 s averaging time, respectively. During the free-space transfer, the refractive index change of transmission media caused by atmospheric turbulences induces phase and frequency noise on optical frequencies. These phase and frequency noise causes induced linewidth broadening and frequency shift in optical frequencies which can disturb the accurate frequency transfer. The proposed feedback loop with acousto-optic modulator can monitor and compensate phase/frequency noise on optical frequencies. As a result, a frequency-comb-referenced single optical mode is compensated with a high signal to noise ratio (SNR) of 80 dB. By sharing the same optical paths, this feedback loop is confirmed to be successfully transferred to the neighboring wavelength channels (a 100 GHz spaced channel). This result confirms our proposed system can transfer optical frequencies to the remote site in free-space without performance degradation.
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Byung Jae Chun, Byung Jae Chun, Hyun Jay Kang, Hyun Jay Kang, Young-Jin Kim, Young-Jin Kim, Seung-Woo Kim, Seung-Woo Kim, } "Generation of multiple optical frequencies referenced to a frequency comb for precision free-space frequency transfer", Proc. SPIE 9739, Free-Space Laser Communication and Atmospheric Propagation XXVIII, 973915 (15 March 2016); doi: 10.1117/12.2212815; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2212815
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