18 March 2016 Laser-based gluing of diamond-tipped saw blades
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Abstract
To process natural stone such as marble or granite, saw blades equipped with wear-resistant diamond grinding segments are used, typically joined to the blade by brazing. In case of damage or wear, they must be exchanged. Due to the large energy input during thermal loosening and subsequent brazing, the repair causes extended heat-affected zones with serious microstructure changes, resulting in shape distortions and disadvantageous stress distributions. Consequently, axial run-out deviations and cutting losses increase.

In this work, a new near-infrared laser-based process chain is presented to overcome the deficits of conventional brazing-based repair of diamond-tipped steel saw blades. Thus, additional tensioning and straightening steps can be avoided. The process chain starts with thermal debonding of the worn grinding segments, using a continuous-wave laser to heat the segments gently and to exceed the adhesive’s decomposition temperature. Afterwards, short-pulsed laser radiation removes remaining adhesive from the blade in order to achieve clean joining surfaces. The third step is roughening and activation of the joining surfaces, again using short-pulsed laser radiation. Finally, the grinding segments are glued onto the blade with a defined adhesive layer, using continuous-wave laser radiation. Here, the adhesive is heated to its curing temperature by irradiating the respective grinding segment, ensuring minimal thermal influence on the blade.

For demonstration, a prototype unit was constructed to perform the different steps of the process chain on-site at the saw-blade user’s facilities. This unit was used to re-equip a saw blade with a complete set of grinding segments. This saw blade was used successfully to cut different materials, amongst others granite.
© (2016) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Christian Hennigs, Christian Hennigs, Rabi Lahdo, Rabi Lahdo, André Springer, André Springer, Stefan Kaierle, Stefan Kaierle, Michael Hustedt, Michael Hustedt, Helmut Brand, Helmut Brand, Richard Wloka, Richard Wloka, Frank Zobel, Frank Zobel, Peter Dültgen, Peter Dültgen, "Laser-based gluing of diamond-tipped saw blades", Proc. SPIE 9741, High-Power Laser Materials Processing: Lasers, Beam Delivery, Diagnostics, and Applications V, 97410C (18 March 2016); doi: 10.1117/12.2212842; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2212842
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