4 March 2016 Challenges towards the simulation of GaN-based LEDs beyond the semiclassical framework
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We discuss some of the key issues to be addressed along the way to complement, and possibly to replace, the standard semiclassical Boltzmann picture with genuine quantum approaches for the simulation of carrier transport and recombination in GaN-based LEDs, with the goal of gradually removing the fitting parameters presently required by semiempirical "quantum corrections" and to better understand the processes responsible for the efficiency droop. As examples of augmented semiclassical models, we present a three-step description of trap-assisted tunneling, especially relevant below the optical turn-on, and a carrier-density-dependent estimate of the phonon-assisted capture rate from bulk states to quantum wells (QWs). Moving to genuine quantum models, we solve the semiconductor Bloch equations to calculate the gain/absorption spectra of AlGaN/GaN QWs, and we discuss our first simulations of spatially and energetically resolved currents across the active region of a single-QW LED based on the nonequilibrium Green’s function approach.
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Michele Goano, Michele Goano, Francesco Bertazzi, Francesco Bertazzi, Xiangyu Zhou, Xiangyu Zhou, Marco Mandurrino, Marco Mandurrino, Stefano Dominici, Stefano Dominici, Marco Vallone, Marco Vallone, Giovanni Ghione, Giovanni Ghione, Alberto Tibaldi, Alberto Tibaldi, Marco Calciati, Marco Calciati, Pierluigi Debernardi, Pierluigi Debernardi, Fabrizio Dolcini, Fabrizio Dolcini, Fausto Rossi, Fausto Rossi, Giovanni Verzellesi, Giovanni Verzellesi, Matteo Meneghini, Matteo Meneghini, Nicola Trivellin, Nicola Trivellin, Carlo De Santi, Carlo De Santi, Enrico Zanoni, Enrico Zanoni, Enrico Bellotti, Enrico Bellotti, } "Challenges towards the simulation of GaN-based LEDs beyond the semiclassical framework", Proc. SPIE 9742, Physics and Simulation of Optoelectronic Devices XXIV, 974202 (4 March 2016); doi: 10.1117/12.2216489; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2216489

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