24 February 2016 Growth directions of C8-BTBT thin films during drop-casting
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Because charge transport in a single crystal is anisotropic, control of its orientation is important for enhancing electrical characteristics and reducing variations among devices. For growing an organic thin film, a solution process such as inkjet printing offers advantages in throughput. We have proposed to apply an external temperature gradient during drop-casting and to control the direction of solvent evaporation. In experiment, a temperature gradient was generated in a bare Si substrate by placing it on a Si plate bridging two heat stages. When a solution containing 2,7-dioctyl [1]benzothieno[3,2-b]benzothiophene (C8-BTBT) was dropped on the substrate, evaporation started at the hotter side of the droplet and proceeded toward the colder side. The front line of the liquid was not pinned and the solution extended toward the colder region. As a result, a thin film was formed in a 7mm-long region. The peripheral region of the film was significantly thicker due to the coffee ring effect. The surface of the rest of the film was mostly smooth and terrace structures with 2.6nm steps were observed. The step roughly corresponds to the length of the C8-BTBT molecule. The film thickness varied from 20nm to 50nm over the distance of 3mm. Another film was grown on a glass substrate under a similar condition. Observation of the film with a polarizing microscope revealed that fan-shaped domains were formed in the film and that their optical axes were mostly along the directions of the solvent evaporation.
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Naoki Iizuka, Naoki Iizuka, Tomohiko Zanka, Tomohiko Zanka, Yosuke Onishi, Yosuke Onishi, Ichiro Fujieda, Ichiro Fujieda, } "Growth directions of C8-BTBT thin films during drop-casting", Proc. SPIE 9745, Organic Photonic Materials and Devices XVIII, 97451J (24 February 2016); doi: 10.1117/12.2212244; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2212244

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