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26 February 2016 Tunable, full-color nanowire light emitting diode arrays monolithically integrated on Si and sapphire
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The monolithic integration of red, green and blue (RGB) GaN-based light-emitting diodes (LEDs) directly on a single chip is critically important for smart lighting and full color display applications. In this work, RGB InGaN/GaN dot-in-a-wire LED arrays were laterally arranged on a Si wafer using a three-step SiOx-mask selective area growth (SAG) technique, and on a sapphire wafer using a Ti-mask SAG technique. Tunable emission across the entire visible spectral range (~ 450 nm to 700 nm) can be readily achieved on a single Si wafer by varying the sizes and/or compositions of the dots. By separately biasing lateral-arranged multi-color LED subpixels, the correlated color temperature (CCT) values of such a ~ 0.016 mm2 pixel can be varied from ~ 1900 K to 6800 K. The RGB pixel size can be further reduced by using the Ti-mask SAG technique on sapphire wafer. Full-color InGaN/GaN nanowire arrays with sizes of 2.8 × 2.8 μm2 have been monolithically fabricated into the same pixel.
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Renjie Wang, Yong-Ho Ra, Yuanpeng Wu, Songrui Zhao, Hieu P. T. Nguyen, Ishiang Shih, and Zetian Mi "Tunable, full-color nanowire light emitting diode arrays monolithically integrated on Si and sapphire", Proc. SPIE 9748, Gallium Nitride Materials and Devices XI, 97481S (26 February 2016);


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