15 March 2016 Suspended mid-infrared fiber-to-chip grating couplers for SiGe waveguides
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Proceedings Volume 9753, Optical Interconnects XVI; 975319 (2016) https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2209527
Event: SPIE OPTO, 2016, San Francisco, California, United States
Abstract
Silicon photonics has taken great importance owing to the applications in optical communications, ranging from short reach to long haul. Originally dedicated to telecom wavelengths, silicon photonics is heading toward circuits handling with a broader spectrum, especially in the short and mid-infrared (MIR) range. This trend is due to potential applications in chemical sensing, spectroscopy and defense in the 2-10 μm range. We previously reported the development of a MIR photonic platform based on buried SiGe/Si waveguide with propagation losses between 1 and 2 dB/cm. However the low index contrast of the platform makes the design of efficient grating couplers very challenging. In order to achieve a high fiber-to-chip efficiency, we propose a novel grating coupler structure, in which the grating is locally suspended in air. The grating has been designed with a FDTD software. To achieve high efficiency, suspended structure thicknesses have been jointly optimized with the grating parameters, namely the fill factor, the period and the grating etch depth. Using the Efficient Global Optimization (EGO) method we obtained a configuration where the fiber-to-waveguide efficiency is above 57 %. Moreover the optical transition between the suspended and the buried SiGe waveguide has been carefully designed by using an Eigenmode Expansion software. Transition efficiency as high as 86 % is achieved.
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Julien Favreau, Julien Favreau, Cédric Durantin, Cédric Durantin, Jean-Marc Fédéli, Jean-Marc Fédéli, Salim Boutami, Salim Boutami, Guang-Hua Duan, Guang-Hua Duan, } "Suspended mid-infrared fiber-to-chip grating couplers for SiGe waveguides", Proc. SPIE 9753, Optical Interconnects XVI, 975319 (15 March 2016); doi: 10.1117/12.2209527; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2209527
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