18 March 2016 Negative-tone imaging with EUV exposure toward 13nm hp
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Abstract
Negative-tone imaging (NTI) with EUV exposure has major advantages with respect to line-width roughness (LWR) and resolution due in part to polymer swelling and favorable dissolution mechanics. In NTI process, both resist and organic solvents play important roles in determining lithography performances. The present study describes novel chemically amplified resist materials based on NTI technology with EUV using a specific organic solvents. Lithographic performances of NTI process were described in this paper under exposures using ASML NXE:3300 EUV scanner at imec. It is emphasized that 14 nm hp was nicely resolved under exposure dose of 37 mJ/cm2 without any bridge and collapse, which are attributed to the low swelling character of NTI process. Although 13 nm hp resolution was potentially obtained, a pattern collapse still restricts its resolution in case coating resist film thickness is 40 nm. Dark mask limitation due mainly to mask defectivity issue makes NTI with EUV favorable approach for printing block mask to produce logic circuit. A good resolution of CD-X 21 nm/CD-Y 32 nm was obtained for block mask pattern using NTI with usable process window and dose of 49 mJ/cm2. Minimum resolution now reaches CD-X 17 nm / CD-Y 23 nm for the block. A 21 nm block mask resolution was not affected by exposure dose and explored toward low dose down to 18 mJ/cm2 by reducing quencher loading. In addition, there was a negligible amount of increase in LCDU for isolated dot pattern when decreasing exposure dose from 66 mJ/cm2 to 24 mJ/cm2. On the other hand, there appeared tradeoff relationship between LCDU and dose for dense dot pattern, indicating photon-shot noise restriction, but strong dependency on patterning features. Design to improve acid generation efficiency was described based on acid generation mechanism in traditional chemically amplified materials which contains photo-acid generator (PAG) and polymer. Conventional EUV absorber comprises of organic compounds is expected to have 1.6 times higher EUV absorption than polyhydroxystyrene based on calculation. However, observed value of acid amount was comparable or significantly worse than polyhydroxystyrene.
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Hideaki Tsubaki, Hideaki Tsubaki, Wataru Nihashi, Wataru Nihashi, Toru Tsuchihashi, Toru Tsuchihashi, Kei Yamamoto, Kei Yamamoto, Takahiro Goto, Takahiro Goto, "Negative-tone imaging with EUV exposure toward 13nm hp", Proc. SPIE 9776, Extreme Ultraviolet (EUV) Lithography VII, 977608 (18 March 2016); doi: 10.1117/12.2218761; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2218761
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