16 March 2016 Design strategy for integrating DSA via patterning in sub-7 nm interconnects
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Abstract
In recent years, major advancements have been made in the directed self-assembly (DSA) of block copolymers (BCPs). As a result, the insertion of DSA for IC fabrication is being actively considered for the sub-7nm nodes. At these nodes the DSA technology could alleviate costs for multiple patterning and limit the number of litho masks that would be required per metal layer. One of the most straightforward approaches for DSA implementation would be for via patterning through templated DSA, where hole patterns are readily accessible through templated confinement of cylindrical phase BCP materials.

Our in-house studies show that decomposition of via layers in realistic circuits below the 7nm node would require at least many multi-patterning steps (or colors), using 193nm immersion lithography. Even the use of EUV might require double patterning in these dimensions, since the minimum via distance would be smaller than EUV resolution. The grouping of vias through templated DSA can resolve local conflicts in high density areas. This way, the number of required colors can be significantly reduced.

For the implementation of this approach, a DSA-aware mask decomposition is required. In this paper, our design approach for DSA via patterning in sub-7nm nodes is discussed. We propose options to expand the list of DSA-compatible via patterns (DSA letters) and we define matching cost formulas for the optimal DSA-aware layout decomposition. The flowchart of our proposed approach tool is presented.
© (2016) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Ioannis Karageorgos, Ioannis Karageorgos, Julien Ryckaert, Julien Ryckaert, Maryann C. Tung, Maryann C. Tung, H.-S. Philip Wong, H.-S. Philip Wong, Roel Gronheid, Roel Gronheid, Joost Bekaert, Joost Bekaert, Evangelos Karageorgos, Evangelos Karageorgos, Kris Croes, Kris Croes, Geert Vandenberghe, Geert Vandenberghe, Michele Stucchi, Michele Stucchi, Wim Dehaene, Wim Dehaene, } "Design strategy for integrating DSA via patterning in sub-7 nm interconnects", Proc. SPIE 9781, Design-Process-Technology Co-optimization for Manufacturability X, 97810N (16 March 2016); doi: 10.1117/12.2222041; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2222041
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