1 April 2016 Spot scanning proton therapy plan assessment: design and development of a dose verification application for use in routine clinical practice
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Abstract
The use of radiation therapy for the treatment of cancer has been carried out clinically since the late 1800’s. Early on however, it was discovered that a radiation dose sufficient to destroy cancer cells can also cause severe injury to surrounding healthy tissue. Radiation oncologists continually strive to find the perfect balance between a dose high enough to destroy the cancer and one that avoids damage to healthy organs. Spot scanning or “pencil beam” proton radiotherapy offers another option to improve on this. Unlike traditional photon therapy, proton beams stop in the target tissue, thus better sparing all organs beyond the targeted tumor. In addition, the beams are far narrower and thus can be more precisely “painted” onto the tumor, avoiding exposure to surrounding healthy tissue. To safely treat patients with proton beam radiotherapy, dose verification should be carried out for each plan prior to treatment. Proton dose verification systems are not currently commercially available so the Department of Radiation Oncology at the Mayo Clinic developed its own, called DOSeCHECK, which offers two distinct dose simulation methods: GPU-based Monte Carlo and CPU-based analytical. The three major components of the system include the web-based user interface, the Linux-based dose verification simulation engines, and the supporting services and components. The architecture integrates multiple applications, libraries, platforms, programming languages, and communication protocols and was successfully deployed in time for Mayo Clinic’s first proton beam therapy patient. Having a simple, efficient application for dose verification greatly reduces staff workload and provides additional quality assurance, ultimately improving patient safety.
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Kurt E. Augustine, Kurt E. Augustine, Timothy J. Walsh, Timothy J. Walsh, Chris J. Beltran, Chris J. Beltran, Joshua B. Stoker, Joshua B. Stoker, Daniel W. Mundy, Daniel W. Mundy, Mark D. Parry, Mark D. Parry, Martin Bues, Martin Bues, Mirek Fatyga, Mirek Fatyga, "Spot scanning proton therapy plan assessment: design and development of a dose verification application for use in routine clinical practice", Proc. SPIE 9783, Medical Imaging 2016: Physics of Medical Imaging, 97835S (1 April 2016); doi: 10.1117/12.2216539; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2216539
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