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31 March 2016 Digital breast tomosynthesis reconstruction using spatially weighted non-convex regularization
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Regularization is an effective strategy for reducing noise in tomographic reconstruction. This paper proposes a spatially weighted non-convex (SWNC) regularization method for digital breast tomosynthesis (DBT) image reconstruction. With a non-convex cost function, this method can suppress noise without blurring microcalcifications (MC) and spiculations of masses. To minimize the non-convex cost function, we apply a majorize-minimize separable quadratic surrogate algorithm (MM-SQS) that is further accelerated by ordered subsets (OS). We applied the new method to a heterogeneous breast phantom and to human subject DBT data, and observed improved image quality in both situations. A quantitative study also showed that the SWNC method can significantly enhance the contrast-to-noise ratio of MCs. By properly selecting its parameters, the SWNC regularizer can preserve the appearance of the mass margins and breast parenchyma.
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Jiabei Zheng, Jeffrey A. Fessler, and Heang-Ping Chan "Digital breast tomosynthesis reconstruction using spatially weighted non-convex regularization", Proc. SPIE 9783, Medical Imaging 2016: Physics of Medical Imaging, 978369 (31 March 2016);

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