21 March 2016 Response monitoring using quantitative ultrasound methods and supervised dictionary learning in locally advanced breast cancer
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Abstract
A non-invasive computer-aided-theragnosis (CAT) system was developed for the early assessment of responses to neoadjuvant chemotherapy in patients with locally advanced breast cancer. The CAT system was based on quantitative ultrasound spectroscopy methods comprising several modules including feature extraction, a metric to measure the dissimilarity between “pre-” and “mid-treatment” scans, and a supervised learning algorithm for the classification of patients to responders/non-responders. One major requirement for the successful design of a high-performance CAT system is to accurately measure the changes in parametric maps before treatment onset and during the course of treatment. To this end, a unified framework based on Hilbert-Schmidt independence criterion (HSIC) was used for the design of feature extraction from parametric maps and the dissimilarity measure between the “pre-” and “mid-treatment” scans. For the feature extraction, HSIC was used to design a supervised dictionary learning (SDL) method by maximizing the dependency between the scans taken from “pre-” and “mid-treatment” with “dummy labels” given to the scans. For the dissimilarity measure, an HSIC-based metric was employed to effectively measure the changes in parametric maps as an indication of treatment effectiveness. The HSIC-based feature extraction and dissimilarity measure used a kernel function to nonlinearly transform input vectors into a higher dimensional feature space and computed the population means in the new space, where enhanced group separability was ideally obtained. The results of the classification using the developed CAT system indicated an improvement of performance compared to a CAT system with basic features using histogram of intensity.
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Mehrdad J. Gangeh, Brandon Fung, Hadi Tadayyon, William T. Tran, Gregory J. Czarnota, "Response monitoring using quantitative ultrasound methods and supervised dictionary learning in locally advanced breast cancer", Proc. SPIE 9784, Medical Imaging 2016: Image Processing, 978413 (21 March 2016); doi: 10.1117/12.2214606; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2214606
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