21 March 2016 An SPM12 extension for multiple sclerosis lesion segmentation
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Abstract
Purpose: Magnetic resonance imaging is nowadays the hallmark to diagnose multiple sclerosis (MS), characterized by white matter lesions. Several approaches have been recently presented to tackle the lesion segmentation problem, but none of them have been accepted as a standard tool in the daily clinical practice. In this work we present yet another tool able to automatically segment white matter lesions outperforming the current-state-of-the-art approaches. Methods: This work is an extension of Roura et al. [1], where external and platform dependent pre-processing libraries (brain extraction, noise reduction and intensity normalization) were required to achieve an optimal performance. Here we have updated and included all these required pre-processing steps into a single framework (SPM software). Therefore, there is no need of external tools to achieve the desired segmentation results. Besides, we have changed the working space from T1w to FLAIR, reducing interpolation errors produced in the registration process from FLAIR to T1w space. Finally a post-processing constraint based on shape and location has been added to reduce false positive detections. Results: The evaluation of the tool has been done on 24 MS patients. Qualitative and quantitative results are shown with both approaches in terms of lesion detection and segmentation. Conclusion: We have simplified both installation and implementation of the approach, providing a multiplatform tool1 integrated into the SPM software, which relies only on using T1w and FLAIR images. We have reduced with this new version the computation time of the previous approach while maintaining the performance.
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Eloy Roura, Eloy Roura, Arnau Oliver, Arnau Oliver, Mariano Cabezas, Mariano Cabezas, Sergi Valverde, Sergi Valverde, Deborah Pareto, Deborah Pareto, Joan C. Vilanova, Joan C. Vilanova, Lluís Ramió-Torrentà, Lluís Ramió-Torrentà, Àlex Rovira, Àlex Rovira, Xavier Lladó, Xavier Lladó, "An SPM12 extension for multiple sclerosis lesion segmentation", Proc. SPIE 9784, Medical Imaging 2016: Image Processing, 97842N (21 March 2016); doi: 10.1117/12.2216703; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2216703
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