24 March 2016 Computer-aided global breast MR image feature analysis for prediction of tumor response to chemotherapy: performance assessment
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Abstract
Dynamic contrast-enhanced breast magnetic resonance imaging (DCE-MRI) has been used increasingly in breast cancer diagnosis and assessment of cancer treatment efficacy. In this study, we applied a computer-aided detection (CAD) scheme to automatically segment breast regions depicting on MR images and used the kinetic image features computed from the global breast MR images acquired before neoadjuvant chemotherapy to build a new quantitative model to predict response of the breast cancer patients to the chemotherapy. To assess performance and robustness of this new prediction model, an image dataset involving breast MR images acquired from 151 cancer patients before undergoing neoadjuvant chemotherapy was retrospectively assembled and used. Among them, 63 patients had “complete response” (CR) to chemotherapy in which the enhanced contrast levels inside the tumor volume (pre-treatment) was reduced to the level as the normal enhanced background parenchymal tissues (post-treatment), while 88 patients had “partially response” (PR) in which the high contrast enhancement remain in the tumor regions after treatment. We performed the studies to analyze the correlation among the 22 global kinetic image features and then select a set of 4 optimal features. Applying an artificial neural network trained with the fusion of these 4 kinetic image features, the prediction model yielded an area under ROC curve (AUC) of 0.83±0.04. This study demonstrated that by avoiding tumor segmentation, which is often difficult and unreliable, fusion of kinetic image features computed from global breast MR images without tumor segmentation can also generate a useful clinical marker in predicting efficacy of chemotherapy.
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Faranak Aghaei, Maxine Tan, Alan B. Hollingsworth, Bin Zheng, Samuel Cheng, "Computer-aided global breast MR image feature analysis for prediction of tumor response to chemotherapy: performance assessment", Proc. SPIE 9785, Medical Imaging 2016: Computer-Aided Diagnosis, 978522 (24 March 2016); doi: 10.1117/12.2216326; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2216326
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