24 March 2016 A primitive study of voxel feature generation by multiple stacked denoising autoencoders for detecting cerebral aneurysms on MRA
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Abstract
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the feasibility of a novel feature generation, which is based on multiple deep neural networks (DNNs) with boosting, for computer-assisted detection (CADe). It is hard and time-consuming to optimize the hyperparameters for DNNs such as stacked denoising autoencoder (SdA). The proposed method allows using SdA based features without the burden of the hyperparameter setting. The proposed method was evaluated by an application for detecting cerebral aneurysms on magnetic resonance angiogram (MRA). A baseline CADe process included four components; scaling, candidate area limitation, candidate detection, and candidate classification. Proposed feature generation method was applied to extract the optimal features for candidate classification. Proposed method only required setting range of the hyperparameters for SdA. The optimal feature set was selected from a large quantity of SdA based features by multiple SdAs, each of which was trained using different hyperparameter set. The feature selection was operated through ada-boost ensemble learning method. Training of the baseline CADe process and proposed feature generation were operated with 200 MRA cases, and the evaluation was performed with 100 MRA cases. Proposed method successfully provided SdA based features just setting the range of some hyperparameters for SdA. The CADe process by using both previous voxel features and SdA based features had the best performance with 0.838 of an area under ROC curve and 0.312 of ANODE score. The results showed that proposed method was effective in the application for detecting cerebral aneurysms on MRA.
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Mitsutaka Nemoto, Mitsutaka Nemoto, Naoto Hayashi, Naoto Hayashi, Shouhei Hanaoka, Shouhei Hanaoka, Yukihiro Nomura, Yukihiro Nomura, Soichiro Miki, Soichiro Miki, Takeharu Yoshikawa, Takeharu Yoshikawa, Kuni Ohtomo, Kuni Ohtomo, "A primitive study of voxel feature generation by multiple stacked denoising autoencoders for detecting cerebral aneurysms on MRA", Proc. SPIE 9785, Medical Imaging 2016: Computer-Aided Diagnosis, 97852S (24 March 2016); doi: 10.1117/12.2216832; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2216832
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