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18 March 2016 Visual design and verification tool for collision-free dexterous patient specific neurosurgical instruments
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Abstract
PURPOSE: In many minimally invasive neurosurgical procedures, the surgical workspace is a small tortuous cavity that is accessed using straight, rigid instruments with limited dexterity. Specifically considering neuroendoscopy, it is often challenging for surgeons, using standard instruments, to reach multiple surgical targets from a single incision. To address this problem, continuum tools are under development to create highly dexterous minimally invasive instruments. However, this design process is not trivial, and therefore, a user-friendly design platform capable of easily incorporating surgeon input is needed.

METHODS: We propose a method that uses simulation and visual verification to design continuum tools that are patient and procedure specific. Our software module utilizes pre-operative scans and virtual threedimensional (3D) patient models to intuitively aid instrument design. The user specifies basic tool parameters and the parameterized tools and trocar are modeled within the virtual patient. By selecting and dragging the instrument models, the tools are instantly reshaped and repositioned. The tool geometry and surgical entry points are then returned as outputs to undergo optimization. We have completed an initial validation of the software by comparing a simulation of a physical instrument’s reachability to the corresponding virtual design.

RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: The software was assessed qualitatively by two neurosurgeons, who design tools for an intraventricular endoscopic procedure. Further, validation experiments comparing the design of a virtual instrument to a physical tool demonstrate that the software module functions correctly. Thus, our platform permits user-friendly, application specific design of continuum instruments. These instruments will give surgeons much more flexibility in developing future minimally invasive procedures.
© (2016) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Maggie Hess, Kyle Eastwood, Bence Linder, Vivek Bodani, Andras Lasso, Thomas Looi, Gabor Fichtinger, and James Drake "Visual design and verification tool for collision-free dexterous patient specific neurosurgical instruments", Proc. SPIE 9786, Medical Imaging 2016: Image-Guided Procedures, Robotic Interventions, and Modeling, 97861M (18 March 2016); https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2217304
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