29 March 2016 Trabecular bone texture classification using wavelet leaders
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Abstract
In this paper we propose to use the Wavelet Leader (WL) transformation for studying trabecular bone patterns. Given an input image, its WL transformation is defined as the cross-channel-layer maximum pooling of an underlying wavelet transformation. WL inherits the advantage of the original wavelet transformation in capturing spatial-frequency statistics of texture images, while being more robust against scale and orientation thanks to the maximum pooling strategy. These properties make WL an attractive alternative to replace wavelet transformations which are used for trabecular analysis in previous studies. In particular, in this paper, after extracting wavelet leader descriptors from a trabecular texture patch, we feed them into two existing statistic texture characterization methods, namely the Gray Level Co-occurrence Matrix (GLCM) and the Gray Level Run Length Matrix (GLRLM). The most discriminative features, Energy of GLCM and Gray Level Non-Uniformity of GLRLM, are retained to distinguish two different populations between osteoporotic patients and control subjects. Receiver Operating Characteristics (ROC) curves are used to measure performance of classification. Experimental results on a recently released benchmark dataset show that WL significantly boosts the performance of baseline wavelet transformations by 5% in average.
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Zilong Zou, Zilong Zou, Jie Yang, Jie Yang, Vasileios Megalooikonomou, Vasileios Megalooikonomou, Rachid Jennane, Rachid Jennane, Erkang Cheng, Erkang Cheng, Haibin Ling, Haibin Ling, "Trabecular bone texture classification using wavelet leaders", Proc. SPIE 9788, Medical Imaging 2016: Biomedical Applications in Molecular, Structural, and Functional Imaging, 97880E (29 March 2016); doi: 10.1117/12.2216452; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2216452
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