25 March 2016 Towards an open-source semantic data infrastructure for integrating clinical and scientific data in cognition-guided surgery
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Abstract
In the surgical domain, individual clinical experience, which is derived in large part from past clinical cases, plays an important role in the treatment decision process. Simultaneously the surgeon has to keep track of a large amount of clinical data, emerging from a number of heterogeneous systems during all phases of surgical treatment. This is complemented with the constantly growing knowledge derived from clinical studies and literature. To recall this vast amount of information at the right moment poses a growing challenge that should be supported by adequate technology. While many tools and projects aim at sharing or integrating data from various sources or even provide knowledge-based decision support - to our knowledge - no concept has been proposed that addresses the entire surgical pathway by accessing the entire information in order to provide context-aware cognitive assistance. Therefore a semantic representation and central storage of data and knowledge is a fundamental requirement. We present a semantic data infrastructure for integrating heterogeneous surgical data sources based on a common knowledge representation. A combination of the Extensible Neuroimaging Archive Toolkit (XNAT) with semantic web technologies, standardized interfaces and a common application platform enables applications to access and semantically annotate data, perform semantic reasoning and eventually create individual context-aware surgical assistance. The infrastructure meets the requirements of a cognitive surgical assistant system and has been successfully applied in various use cases. The system is based completely on free technologies and is available to the community as an open-source package.
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Andreas Fetzer, Andreas Fetzer, Jasmin Metzger, Jasmin Metzger, Darko Katic, Darko Katic, Keno März, Keno März, Martin Wagner, Martin Wagner, Patrick Philipp, Patrick Philipp, Sandy Engelhardt, Sandy Engelhardt, Tobias Weller, Tobias Weller, Sascha Zelzer, Sascha Zelzer, Alfred Michael Franz, Alfred Michael Franz, Nicolai Schoch, Nicolai Schoch, Vincent Heuveline, Vincent Heuveline, Maria Maleshkova, Maria Maleshkova, Achim Rettinger, Achim Rettinger, Stefanie Speidel, Stefanie Speidel, Ivo Wolf, Ivo Wolf, Hannes Kenngott, Hannes Kenngott, Arianeb Mehrabi, Arianeb Mehrabi, Beat P. Müller-Stich, Beat P. Müller-Stich, Lena Maier-Hein, Lena Maier-Hein, Hans-Peter Meinzer, Hans-Peter Meinzer, Marco Nolden, Marco Nolden, } "Towards an open-source semantic data infrastructure for integrating clinical and scientific data in cognition-guided surgery", Proc. SPIE 9789, Medical Imaging 2016: PACS and Imaging Informatics: Next Generation and Innovations, 97890O (25 March 2016); doi: 10.1117/12.2217163; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2217163
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