1 April 2016 Effect of echo artifacts on characterization of pulsatile tissues in neonatal cranial ultrasonic movies
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Abstract
Effect of echo artifacts on characterization of pulsatile tissues has been examined in neonatal cranial ultrasonic movies by characterizing pulsatile intensities with different regions of interest (ROIs). The pulsatile tissue, which is a key point in pediatric diagnosis of brain tissue, was detected from a heartbeat-frequency component in Fourier transform of a time-variation of 64 samples of echo intensity at each pixel in a movie fragment. The averages of pulsatile intensity and power were evaluated in two ROIs: common fan-shape and individual cranial-shape. The area of pulsatile region was also evaluated as the number of pixels where the pulsatile intensity exceeds a proper threshold. The extracranial pulsatile region was found mainly in the sections where mirror image was dominant echo artifact. There was significant difference of pulsatile area between two ROIs especially in the specific sections where mirror image was included, suggesting the suitability of cranial-shape ROI for statistical study on pulsatile tissues in brain. The normalized average of pulsatile power in the cranial-shape ROI exhibited most similar tendency to the normalized pulsatile area which was treated as a conventional measure in spite of its requirement of thresholding. It suggests the potential of pulsatile power as an alternative measure for pulsatile area in further statistical study of pulsatile tissues because it was neither affected by echo artifacts nor threshold.
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Masayuki Fukuzawa, Masayuki Fukuzawa, Kazuki Takahashi, Kazuki Takahashi, Yuki Tabata, Yuki Tabata, Yoshiki Kitsunezuka, Yoshiki Kitsunezuka, } "Effect of echo artifacts on characterization of pulsatile tissues in neonatal cranial ultrasonic movies", Proc. SPIE 9790, Medical Imaging 2016: Ultrasonic Imaging and Tomography, 979014 (1 April 2016); doi: 10.1117/12.2216751; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2216751
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