In this paper, we will present a smart structure based on an electrically controlled liquid crystal (LC) Fabry-Perot to achieve terahertz (THz) filter, which has extremely potential in THz communication. This proposed structure doesn’t need any mechanical movements because of adapting LC as a key material to compose the Fabry-Perot device. The THz filter based on LC, which is smart, light and cheap, can be realized to solve that common problem of short of tunable devices in THz radiation. The chosen LC material is E7, which has very stable and good transmissions in THz range. Under the external applied voltage, the alignment of the nematic LC allows the refractive index of the device to be tuned. Because of this feature, the resonant peaks could be shifted by changing the applied voltage. Especially, when the alignment is changed from planar to phototropic, the maximum value of the shift could be realized. The simulation result of the proposed device could be got. And the optimal structural parameters could be also got. Numerical analyses results have shown that the proposed structure has a high narrow transmission band and very sharp edges. This THz filter is novel for compact and smart features, so this kind of proposed THz filter is very attractive in many applications, such as THz communication, and THz spectral imaging.