The hollow metallic optical fibers not only retain the advantage of flexibility but possess a greater intensity gradient for atomic waveguide. Therefore, based on the vector model of Maxwell’s equations, we exactly calculated the intensity distribution of the TE01 mode in a typical metallic fiber, and analyzed the optical potential for 85Rb atom. Most of all, based on a circular atomic waveguide, we creatively proposed a novel measurement scheme for rotation sensing, explained the specific measurement principle, and built a mathematical model for this novel scheme. By measuring the number of atoms in the final states, we could get the rotation rate for this typical rotation system. This novel rotation sensor not only possessed a higher measurement precision, but realized the continuity measurement. It will be widely used in navigation, geophysics and general relativity.