8 April 2016 Dynamic behaviors of historical wrought iron truss bridges: a field testing case study
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Abstract
The U.S. transportation infrastructure has many wrought iron truss bridges that are more than a century old and still remain in use. Understanding the structural properties and identifying the health conditions of these historical bridges are essential to deciding the maintenance or rebuild plan of the bridges. This research involved an on-site full-scale system identification test case study on the historical Old Alton Bridge (a wrought iron truss bridge built in 1884 in Denton, Texas) using a wireless sensor network. The study results demonstrate a practical and convenient experimental system identification method for historical bridge structures. The method includes the basic steps of the in-situ experiment and in-house data analysis. Various excitation methods are studied for field testing, including ambient vibration by wind load, forced vibration by human jumping load, and forced vibration by human pulling load. Structural responses of the bridge under these different excitation approaches were analyzed and compared with numerical analysis results.
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Kaoshan Dai, Kaoshan Dai, Ying Wang, Ying Wang, Andrew Hedric, Andrew Hedric, Zhenhua Huang, Zhenhua Huang, "Dynamic behaviors of historical wrought iron truss bridges: a field testing case study", Proc. SPIE 9804, Nondestructive Characterization and Monitoring of Advanced Materials, Aerospace, and Civil Infrastructure 2016, 98040F (8 April 2016); doi: 10.1117/12.2218744; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2218744
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