1 April 2016 Embedded and conventional ultrasonic sensors for monitoring acoustic emission during thermal fatigue
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Abstract
Acoustic emission is widely used for monitoring pressure vessels, pipes, critical infrastructure, as well as land, sea and air vehicles. It is one of dominant approaches to explore material degradation under fatigue and events leading to material fracture. Addressing a recent interest in structural health monitoring of space vehicles, a need has emerged to evaluate material deterioration due to thermal fatigue during spacecraft atmospheric reentry. Thermal fatigue experiments were conducted, in which aluminum plates were subjected to localized heating and acoustic emission was monitoring by embedded and conventional acoustic emission sensors positioned at various distances from a heat source. At the same time, surface temperature of aluminum plates was monitored using an IR camera. Acoustic emission counts collected by embedded sensors were compared to counts measured with conventional acoustic emission sensors. Both types of sensors show noticeable increase of acoustic emission activity as localized heating source was applied to aluminum plates. Experimental data demonstrate correlation between temperature increase on the surface of the plates and increase in measured acoustic emission activity. It is concluded that under particular conditions, embedded piezoelectric wafer active sensors can be used for acoustic emission monitoring of thermally-induced structural degradation.
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Blaine Trujillo, Blaine Trujillo, Andrei Zagrai, Andrei Zagrai, } "Embedded and conventional ultrasonic sensors for monitoring acoustic emission during thermal fatigue", Proc. SPIE 9805, Health Monitoring of Structural and Biological Systems 2016, 98051K (1 April 2016); doi: 10.1117/12.2220536; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2220536
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