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7 June 2018 A fusion approach of PALSAR-FBS L-HH mode and TM data for geological mapping
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Proceedings Volume 9808, International Conference on Intelligent Earth Observing and Applications 2015; 98084W (2018)
Event: International Conference on Intelligent Earth Observing and Applications, 2015, Guilin, China
This paper presents a fusion approach of PALSAR-FBS L-HH polarization and Landsat-5 TM datasets for geological mapping and morpho-structural lineaments extraction. The study site is situated in Western Ethiopia, Benshangul- Gumuz National Regional State, Asosa Zones; which is characterized by lithological diversity and rich mineral resources. The TM data were calibrated radiometrically and corrected atmospherically to retrieve ground surface reflectance. As well, the radar data were calibrated to retrieve backscatter coefficients and then filtered using the gamma filter to reduce speckle. Moreover, the two images were geometrically corrected and topographically rectified using the ASTER GDEM, UTM projection and WGS84 geodetic reference. Then, the images were transformed to Intensity-Hue- Saturation (I-H-S) using three different methods, such as hexagonal, double hexagonal and cylindrical transformations. Based on several tests integrating all the considered datasets, the SWIR and NIR bands were selected for “I”, “H” and “S” codification using cylindrical transformation. Three color composites (named spatio-maps) were selected due to their best results: 1) “I”, “H” and “L-HH”; 2) “I”, “H” and the blue band resulting from the fusion of TM (7, 5, 4) and LHH; and 3) the R-G-B resulting from the fusion of “I”, “H”, “S” and “L-HH”. These derived spatio-maps show good relationship between the topographic morphology, rock-substrate, structural variations properties, and drainage network. In addition, the spectral variations are easily associated with lithological units. Likewise, the morpho-structural information’s highlighted in the PALSAR image are visible without altering the radiometric integrity of the details in TM spectral bands through the fusion process. Otherwise, the synergy between visual and automatic methods for lineaments extraction provides the best lineaments maps. The obtained product shows that the predominant lineaments directions are the NE-SW and the NS, and then the second dominant direction is the NW-SE. The results integration in GIS environment provides good discrimination of fractures and details of structural attributes. This research results highlight the importance of the PALSAR fine mode L-HH and TM data fusion to enhance geological features.
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A. Bannari, A. Saquaque, H. Miri, and A. El-Battay "A fusion approach of PALSAR-FBS L-HH mode and TM data for geological mapping", Proc. SPIE 9808, International Conference on Intelligent Earth Observing and Applications 2015, 98084W (7 June 2018);

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