12 October 2016 A non-volatile flip-flop based on diode-selected PCM for ultra-low power systems
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Proceedings Volume 9818, 2016 International Workshop on Information Data Storage and Tenth International Symposium on Optical Storage; 98180J (2016) https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2245110
Event: 2016 International Workshop on Information Data Storage and Tenth International Symposium on Optical Storage, 2016, Changzhou, China
Abstract
As the process technology is continuously shrinking, low power consumption is a major issue in VLSI Systems-on-Chip (SoCs), especially for standby-power-critical applications. Recently, the emerging CMOS-compatible non-volatile memories (NVMs), such as Phase Change Memory (PCM), have been used as on-chip storage elements, which can obtain non-volatile processing, nearly-zero standby power and instant-on capability. PCM has been considered as the best candidate for the next generation of NVMs for its low cost, high density and high resistance transformation ratio. In this paper, for the first time, we present a diode-selected PCM based non-volatile flip-flop (NVFF) which is optimized for better power consumption and process variation tolerance. With dual trench isolation process, the diode-selected PCM realizes ultra small area, which is very suitable for multi-context configuration and large scale flip-flops matrix. Since the MOS-selected PCM is hard to shrink further due to large amount of PCM write current, the proposed NVFF achieves higher power efficiency without loss of current driving capability. Using the 40nm manufacturing process, the area of the cell (1D1R) is as small as 0.016 μm2. Simulation results show that the energy consumption during the recall operation is 62 fJ with 1.1 standard supply voltage, which is reduced by 54.9% compared to the previous 2T2R based NVFF. When the supply voltage reduces to 0.7 V, the recall energy is as low as 17 fJ. With the great advantages in cell size and energy, the proposed diode-selected NVFF is very applicable and cost-effective for ULP systems.
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Yong Ye, Yong Ye, Yuan Du, Yuan Du, Dan Gao, Dan Gao, Yong Kang, Yong Kang, Zhitang Song, Zhitang Song, Bomy Chen, Bomy Chen, } "A non-volatile flip-flop based on diode-selected PCM for ultra-low power systems", Proc. SPIE 9818, 2016 International Workshop on Information Data Storage and Tenth International Symposium on Optical Storage, 98180J (12 October 2016); doi: 10.1117/12.2245110; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2245110
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