12 May 2016 Low-cost fabrication of high efficiency solid-state neutron detectors
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The development of high-efficiency solid state thermal neutron detectors at low cost is critical for a wide range of civilian and defense applications. The use of present neutron detector system for personal radiation detection is limited by the cost, size, weight and power requirements. Chip scale solid state neutron detectors based on silicon technology would provide significant benefits in terms of cost, volume, and allow for wafer level integration with charge preamplifiers and readout electronics. In this paper, anisotropic wet etching of (110) silicon wafers was used to replace deep reactive ion etching (DRIE) to produce microstructured neutron detectors with lower cost and compatibility with mass production. Deep trenches were etched by 30 wt% KOH at 85°C with a highest etch ratio of (110) to (111). A trench-microstructure thermal neutron detector described by the aforementioned processes was fabricated and characterized. The detector—which has a continuous p+-n junction diode—was filled with enriched boron (99% of 10B) as a neutron converter material. The device showed a leakage current of ~ 6.7 × 10-6 A/cm2 at -1V and thermal neutron detection efficiency of ~16.3%. The detector uses custom built charge pre-amplifier, a shaping amplifier, and an analogto- digital converter (ADC) for data acquisition.
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Jia-Woei Wu, Jia-Woei Wu, Kuan-Chih Huang, Kuan-Chih Huang, Adam Weltz, Adam Weltz, Erik English, Erik English, Mona M. Hella, Mona M. Hella, Rajendra Dahal, Rajendra Dahal, James J.-Q. Lu, James J.-Q. Lu, Yaron Danon, Yaron Danon, Ishwara B. Bhat, Ishwara B. Bhat, "Low-cost fabrication of high efficiency solid-state neutron detectors", Proc. SPIE 9824, Chemical, Biological, Radiological, Nuclear, and Explosives (CBRNE) Sensing XVII, 982414 (12 May 2016); doi: 10.1117/12.2224050; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2224050


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