25 May 2016 Reflection imaging in the millimeter-wave range using a video-rate terahertz camera
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The ability of millimeter waves (1-10 mm, or 30-300 GHz) to penetrate through dense materials, such as leather, wool, wood and gyprock, and to also transmit over long distances due to low atmospheric absorption, makes them ideal for numerous applications, such as body scanning, building inspection and seeing in degraded visual environments. Current drawbacks of millimeter wave imaging systems are they use single detector or linear arrays that require scanning or the two dimensional arrays are bulky, often consisting of rather large antenna-couple focal plane arrays (FPAs). Previous work from INO has demonstrated the capability of its compact lightweight camera, based on a 384 x 288 microbolometer pixel FPA with custom optics for active video-rate imaging at wavelengths of 118 μm (2.54 THz), 432 μm (0.69 THz), 663 μm (0.45 THz), and 750 μm (0.4 THz). Most of the work focused on transmission imaging, as a first step, but some preliminary demonstrations of reflection imaging at these were also reported. In addition, previous work also showed that the broadband FPA remains sensitive to wavelengths at least up to 3.2 mm (94 GHz). The work presented here demonstrates the ability of the INO terahertz camera for reflection imaging at millimeter wavelengths. Snapshots taken at video rates of objects show the excellent quality of the images. In addition, a description of the imaging system that includes the terahertz camera and different millimeter sources is provided.
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Linda E. Marchese, Linda E. Marchese, Marc Terroux, Marc Terroux, Michel Doucet, Michel Doucet, Nathalie Blanchard, Nathalie Blanchard, Ovidiu Pancrati, Ovidiu Pancrati, Denis Dufour, Denis Dufour, Alain Bergeron, Alain Bergeron, } "Reflection imaging in the millimeter-wave range using a video-rate terahertz camera", Proc. SPIE 9836, Micro- and Nanotechnology Sensors, Systems, and Applications VIII, 98362S (25 May 2016); doi: 10.1117/12.2225178; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2225178

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