17 May 2016 Advancing the retrievals of surface emissivity by modelling the spatial distribution of temperature in the thermal hyperspectral scene
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Abstract
Land Surface Temperature (LST) and Land Surface Emissivity (LSE) are commonly retrieved from thermal hyperspectral imaging. However, their retrieval is not a straightforward procedure because the mathematical problem is ill-posed. This procedure becomes more challenging in an urban area where the spatial distribution of temperature varies substantially in space and time. For assessing the influence of several spatial variances on the deviation of the temperature in the scene, a statistical model is created. The model was tested using several images from various times in the day and was validated using in-situ measurements. The results highlight the importance of the geometry of the scene and its setting relative to the position of the sun during day time. It also shows that when the position of the sun is in zenith, the main contribution to the thermal distribution in the scene is the thermal capacity of the landcover materials. In this paper we propose a new Temperature and Emissivity Separation (TES) method which integrates 3D surface and landcover information from LIDAR and VNIR hyperspectral imaging data in an attempt to improve the TES procedure for a thermal hyperspectral scene. The experimental results prove the high accuracy of the proposed method in comparison to another conventional TES model.
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M. Shimoni, M. Shimoni, R. Haelterman, R. Haelterman, P. Lodewyckx, P. Lodewyckx, } "Advancing the retrievals of surface emissivity by modelling the spatial distribution of temperature in the thermal hyperspectral scene", Proc. SPIE 9840, Algorithms and Technologies for Multispectral, Hyperspectral, and Ultraspectral Imagery XXII, 98400O (17 May 2016); doi: 10.1117/12.2223749; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2223749
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