17 May 2016 Methods and challenges for target detection and material identification for longwave infrared hyperspectral imagery
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Hyperspectral imaging (HSI) combined with target detection and identification algorithms require spectral signatures for target materials of interest. The longwave infrared (LWIR) region of the electromagnetic spectrum is dominated by thermal emission, and thus, estimates of target temperature are necessary for emissivity retrieval through temperature-emissivity separation or for conversion of known emissivity signatures to radiance units. Therefore, lack of accurate target temperature information poses a significant challenge for target detection and identification algorithms. Previous studies have demonstrated both LWIR target detection using signature subspaces and visible/shortwave subpixel target identification. This work compares adaptive coherence estimator (ACE) and subspace target detection algorithms for various target materials, atmospheric compensation algorithms, and imagery domains (radiance or emissivity) for several data sets. Preliminary results suggest that target detection in the radiance and emissivity domains is complementary, in the sense that certain material classes may be more easily detected using subspaces, while others require conversion to emissivity space. Furthermore, a radiance domain LWIR material identification algorithm that accounts for target temperature uncertainty is presented. The latter algorithm is shown to effectively distinguish between materials with a high degree of spectral similarity.
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Blake M. Rankin, Blake M. Rankin, Joseph Meola, Joseph Meola, David L. Perry, David L. Perry, Jason R. Kaufman, Jason R. Kaufman, "Methods and challenges for target detection and material identification for longwave infrared hyperspectral imagery", Proc. SPIE 9840, Algorithms and Technologies for Multispectral, Hyperspectral, and Ultraspectral Imagery XXII, 98400Z (17 May 2016); doi: 10.1117/12.2225914; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2225914

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