This paper is devoted to addressing the synchronization, and detection of random binary data exposed to inherent channel variations existing in Free Space Optical (FSO) communication systems. This task is achieved by utilizing the identical synchronization methodology of Lorenz chaotic communication system, and its synergetic interaction in adversities imposed by the FSO channel. Moreover, the Lorenz system has been analyzed, and revealed to induce Stochastic Resonance (SR) once exposed to Additive White Gaussian Noise (AWGN). In particular, the resiliency of the Lorenz chaotic system, in light of channel adversities, has been attributed to the success of the proposed communication system. Furthermore, this paper advocates the use of Haar wavelet transform for enhanced detection capability of the proposed chaotic communication system, which utilizes Chaotic Parameter Modulation (CPM) technique for means of transmission.