4 May 2016 Power spectra trends in imaging polarimetry of outdoor solar illuminated scenes
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The 1=∫2 power law (where ∫ is spatial frequency) characterizes the spatial power spectrum of non-polarimetric images of outdoor scenes when averaged over an appropriately large ensemble. This empirical result has been repeatedly verified in diverse imaging applications. In this work we compare the ensemble-averaged power spectrum of radiance and polarized radiance images. Outdoor scenes have been imaged over the past three-years using JPL's Ground-based Multiangle SpectroPolarimetric Imager (Ground-MSPI)[1] at the University of Arizona (UA). Ground-MSPI is an eight-band spectropolarimetric camera mounted on a rotating gimbal to acquire pushbroom imagery of solar illuminated outdoor landscapes. This Ground-MSPI image library offers a unique opportunity to quantify the statistical trends between polarimetric and non-polarimetric measurements. From power spectrum analysis of 1,975 images in our collection we report that the magnitude of the 1=∫-exponent is lower for the polarized radiance image than the corresponding radiance image. This result quantifies the contrast mechanism difference for imaging polarimetry, indicates higher spatial frequency content in passive polarimetry of outdoor environments, and supports the assertion that polarimetry offers unique detection capabilities.
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Meredith Kupinski, Meredith Kupinski, Russell Chipman, Russell Chipman, "Power spectra trends in imaging polarimetry of outdoor solar illuminated scenes", Proc. SPIE 9853, Polarization: Measurement, Analysis, and Remote Sensing XII, 98530P (4 May 2016); doi: 10.1117/12.2228265; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2228265

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