26 May 2016 Lithographic VCSEL array multimode and single mode sources for sensing and 3D imaging
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Abstract
Sensing applications along with free space data links can benefit from advanced laser sources that produce novel radiation patterns and tight spectral control for optical filtering. Vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers (VCSELs) are being developed for these applications. While oxide VCSELs are being produced by most companies, a new type of oxide-free VCSEL is demonstrating many advantages in beam pattern, spectral control, and reliability. These lithographic VCSELs offer increased power density from a given aperture size, and enable dense integration of high efficiency and single mode elements that improve beam pattern. In this paper we present results for lithographic VCSELs and describes integration into military systems for very low cost pulsed applications, as well as continuouswave applications in novel sensing applications. The VCSELs are being developed for U.S. Army for soldier weapon engagement simulation training to improve beam pattern and spectral control. Wavelengths in the 904 nm to 990 nm ranges are being developed with the spectral control designed to eliminate unwanted water absorption bands from the data links. Multiple beams and radiation patterns based on highly compact packages are being investigated for improved target sensing and transmission fidelity in free space data links. These novel features based on the new VCSEL sources are also expected to find applications in 3-D imaging, proximity sensing and motion control, as well as single mode sensors such as atomic clocks and high speed data transmission.
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J. Leshin, J. Leshin, M. Li, M. Li, J. Beadsworth, J. Beadsworth, X. Yang, X. Yang, Y. Zhang, Y. Zhang, F. Tucker, F. Tucker, L. Eifert, L. Eifert, D. G. Deppe, D. G. Deppe, "Lithographic VCSEL array multimode and single mode sources for sensing and 3D imaging", Proc. SPIE 9854, Image Sensing Technologies: Materials, Devices, Systems, and Applications III, 98540Y (26 May 2016); doi: 10.1117/12.2222911; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2222911
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