12 May 2016 Handheld and mobile hyperspectral imaging sensors for wide-area standoff detection of explosives and chemical warfare agents
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Abstract
Hyperspectral imaging (HSI) is a valuable tool for the investigation and analysis of targets in complex background with a high degree of autonomy. HSI is beneficial for the detection of threat materials on environmental surfaces, where the concentration of the target of interest is often very low and is typically found within complex scenery. Two HSI techniques that have proven to be valuable are Raman and shortwave infrared (SWIR) HSI. Unfortunately, current generation HSI systems have numerous size, weight, and power (SWaP) limitations that make their potential integration onto a handheld or field portable platform difficult. The systems that are field-portable do so by sacrificing system performance, typically by providing an inefficient area search rate, requiring close proximity to the target for screening, and/or eliminating the potential to conduct real-time measurements. To address these shortcomings, ChemImage Sensor Systems (CISS) is developing a variety of wide-field hyperspectral imaging systems. Raman HSI sensors are being developed to overcome two obstacles present in standard Raman detection systems: slow area search rate (due to small laser spot sizes) and lack of eye-safety. SWIR HSI sensors have been integrated into mobile, robot based platforms and handheld variants for the detection of explosives and chemical warfare agents (CWAs). In addition, the fusion of these two technologies into a single system has shown the feasibility of using both techniques concurrently to provide higher probability of detection and lower false alarm rates. This paper will provide background on Raman and SWIR HSI, discuss the applications for these techniques, and provide an overview of novel CISS HSI sensors focused on sensor design and detection results.
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Nathaniel R. Gomer, Nathaniel R. Gomer, Charles W. Gardner, Charles W. Gardner, Matthew P. Nelson, Matthew P. Nelson, } "Handheld and mobile hyperspectral imaging sensors for wide-area standoff detection of explosives and chemical warfare agents", Proc. SPIE 9855, Next-Generation Spectroscopic Technologies IX, 98550M (12 May 2016); doi: 10.1117/12.2229969; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2229969
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