19 May 2016 Robustness of remote stress detection from visible spectrum recordings
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Abstract
In our recent work, we have shown that it is possible to extract high fidelity timing information of the cardiac pulse wave from visible spectrum videos, which can then be used as a basis for stress detection. In that approach, we used both heart rate variability (HRV) metrics and the differential pulse transit time (dPTT) as indicators of the presence of stress. One of the main concerns in this analysis is its robustness in the presence of noise, as the remotely acquired signal that we call blood wave (BW) signal is degraded with respect to the signal acquired using contact sensors. In this work, we discuss the robustness of our metrics in the presence of multiplicative noise. Specifically, we study the effects of subtle motion due to respiration and changes in illumination levels due to light flickering on the BW signal, the HRV-driven features, and the dPTT. Our sensitivity study involved both Monte Carlo simulations and experimental data from human facial videos, and indicates that our metrics are robust even under moderate amounts of noise. Generated results will help the remote stress detection community with developing requirements for visual spectrum based stress detection systems.
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Balvinder Kaur, Balvinder Kaur, Sophia Moses, Sophia Moses, Megha Luthra, Megha Luthra, Vasiliki N. Ikonomidou, Vasiliki N. Ikonomidou, Elizabeth Tarbox, Elizabeth Tarbox, "Robustness of remote stress detection from visible spectrum recordings", Proc. SPIE 9871, Sensing and Analysis Technologies for Biomedical and Cognitive Applications 2016, 987104 (19 May 2016); doi: 10.1117/12.2223948; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2223948
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