In this study, ~417 hyper-spectral remote-sensing reflectance spectra (spectral range varies from ~380-800 nm) covering different water types like open, coastal, mid coastal and near coastal waters have been used to identify the suitable spectral bands for OCM-3. Central wavelengths were identified based on the results obtained from hyper-spectral underwater radiometer measurements of Rrs, HPLC pigments and spectrometer analyzed absorption spectra for all the above water types. Derivative analysis has been carried out from 1st to 5th order to identify the inflection and null points for better discrimination / identification of spectral peaks from the in situ Rrs spectra. The results showed that open ocean and coastal ocean waters has spectra peaks mostly in the blue, green region; turbid coastal waters has maximum spectral peaks in the red region. Apart from this, the spectral peaks were identified in the red region for the chlorophyll fluorescence in the open ocean and coastal waters. Based on these results 13 spectral bands were proposed in the VNIR region for the upcoming OCM-3 sensor. In order to obtain water leaving radiances from the measurements at spacecraft platform, it is necessary to do atmospheric correction we need to have spectral bands in the NIR and above regions. Hence, a set of bands 3 bands in the NIR and SWIR region were proposed for OCM-3 to address the atmospheric correction related issues.
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P. V. Nagamani, Aneesh Lotliker, R. R. Navalgund, V. K. Dadhwal, K. H. Rao, T. Srinivasa Kumar, T. Preethi Latha, "Optimization of spectral bands for ocean colour remote sensing of aquatic environments," Proc. SPIE 9878, Remote Sensing of the Oceans and Inland Waters: Techniques, Applications, and Challenges, 987808 (7 May 2016);