We estimated LHF using Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission (TRMM) Microwave Imager (TMI) data for a period of 5 years (2001-2005) during monsoon over North Indian Ocean (NIO). The LHF values found to be high in Somali region during onset phase of summer monsoon and slowly become less, though the winds become stronger. This could be due to sudden fall of SST with the onset and intense upwelling. The variations found to be larger from year to year and these variations are discussed in relation to the intensity of monsoon activity. The LHF estimates are found to be useful in studying the large-scale weather systems. The results pertaining to the study period over NIO are presented.
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Purnachand Ch., V. Rao M., Prasad K. V. S. R., K. H. Rao, V. K. Dadhwal, "Estimation of latent heat flux using satellite based observations over the North Indian Ocean," Proc. SPIE 9878, Remote Sensing of the Oceans and Inland Waters: Techniques, Applications, and Challenges, 98780O (7 May 2016);