5 May 2016 Measurements of long range transport using two wavelength and polarization lidar over tropical rural site Gadanki (13.45° N, 79.17° E)
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Abstract
This paper describes the measurements carried out on shape and size information of boundary layer aerosol particles using a lidar system developed at NARL, Gadanki. The lidar system profiles the boundary layer at 1064 and 532 nm wavelengths, which are fundamental and second harmonic components of Nd:YAG laser. However, the polarization measurements are conducted at 532 nm only. Using an external dichroic mirror in the laser path, the Nd:YAG laser output is separated into its harmonics. The fundamental harmonic of Nd:YAG laser is steered into atmosphere using a hard coated mirror and the atmospheric returns at 1064 and 532 nm are collected using two independent telescopes. The laser backscatter corresponding to 1064 nm is detected using an Avalanche photodiode; whereas the co and cross polarized signals returns corresponding to 532 nm laser are detected using a set of mini-PMT units. A three channel transient recorder unit is employed for recording the signals utilizing the analog and photon counting electronics. The lidar system is possible to operate in daylight period and can provide information on scattering properties of boundary layer aerosols.

In the present study, measurements during long range transport events were performed at NARL, Gadanki during the year 2012. We proposed to present two case studies on long range transport that occurred during the year 2012. We present the results in terms of aerosol backscattering coefficient, depolarization ratio and color ratio with support of back trajectory analysis.
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Vishnu R., Vishnu R., Y. Bhavani Kumar, Y. Bhavani Kumar, E. James Jebaseelan Samuel, E. James Jebaseelan Samuel, } "Measurements of long range transport using two wavelength and polarization lidar over tropical rural site Gadanki (13.45° N, 79.17° E)", Proc. SPIE 9879, Lidar Remote Sensing for Environmental Monitoring XV, 98790Z (5 May 2016); doi: 10.1117/12.2223686; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2223686
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