3 May 2016 Assimilation of ASCAT winds using 4DVAR: an impact study
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Sea surface wind vectors from Advanced Scatterometer (ASCAT) onboard MetOP satellites are pivotal inputs to NWP models, especially during cyclone period. NCMRWF regularly receives these winds from NOAA through ftp and routinely assimilates in the operational global models. The impact of ASCAT winds in the NCMRWF Unified Model (NCUM) assimilation and forecast system during the cyclone Chapala period from 28 October 2015 to 4 November 2015 is studied. Before assimilating, these winds are validated against in-situ observations from buoy platforms over the North Indian Ocean (NIO). It is found that the errors in the ASCAT winds are well within the limit of mission goal (<2m/s). After the successful validation, numerical experiments are designed in such a way that 10-day forecasts are generated from two different initial conditions. In the control run (CTL), ASCAT winds are removed from the Observation Processing System (OPS) and Variational Assimilation (VAR) systems of NCUM, while in the experiment run (AST) ASCAT winds are included in both OPS and VAR. Forecasts from both the runs are analysed to see the movement and intensification of the cyclonic system in due course. The results show that the experiments with ASCAT winds improved the track and intensity of the NIO cyclonic system.
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Desamsetti Srinivas, Desamsetti Srinivas, Indira Rani S., Indira Rani S., Swapan Mallick, Swapan Mallick, John P. George, John P. George, "Assimilation of ASCAT winds using 4DVAR: an impact study", Proc. SPIE 9882, Remote Sensing and Modeling of the Atmosphere, Oceans, and Interactions VI, 98821D (3 May 2016); doi: 10.1117/12.2223523; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2223523

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