18 April 2016 A subwavelength Stokes polarimeter on a silicon chip
Author Affiliations +
Measuring the state of polarization (SoP) of light beams is of paramount importance in many scientific and technological disciplines, including chemistry, biosensing, astronomy and optical communications. Commercial polarimeters are built by using bulky and expensive optical elements, including half-wave plates or grid polarizers, with little prospect for miniaturization. Inspired by the concept of spin-orbit coupling, here we introduce a nanophotonic polarimeter that measures the full SoP – Stokes parameters – of a light beam over an ultrabroad wavelength range. The active region of the device, formed by a metallic nanoantenna on top of a silicon waveguide crossing, is less than a square wavelength, one order of magnitude smaller than polarimeters based on metasurfaces and many orders of magnitude smaller than commercial devices. Our approach is universal and therefore applicable to any wavelength regime and technological platform, opening a new route for miniaturized polarimeters.
© (2016) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
A. Espinosa Soria, A. Espinosa Soria, Francisco J. Rodríguez-Fortuño, Francisco J. Rodríguez-Fortuño, Amadeu Griol, Amadeu Griol, Alejandro Martínez, Alejandro Martínez, "A subwavelength Stokes polarimeter on a silicon chip", Proc. SPIE 9884, Nanophotonics VI, 98841I (18 April 2016); doi: 10.1117/12.2227634; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2227634

Back to Top